The liver has many important functions, including digesting your food and processing and distributing nutrients.
There are many kinds of liver diseases and conditions. Some, like hepatitis, are caused by viruses. Others can be the result of drugs or drinking too much alcohol.
Long-lasting injury or scar tissue in the liver can cause cirrhosis. Jaundice, or yellowing of the skin, can be one sign of liver disease.
One common liver disease is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a condition in which fat builds up in your liver.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are types of NAFLD. If you have NASH, you have inflammation and liver damage, along with fat in your liver.
You may be able to prevent these fatty liver diseases by eating a healthy diet and maintaining a healthy weight.
If you have NAFLD, your doctor may recommend gradually losing weight if you are overweight or have obesity.
Your doctor may suggest changes to your diet such as limiting your intake of fats, which are high in calories and increase your chance of developing obesity;
Replacing saturated fats and trans fats in your diet with unsaturated fats, especially omega-3 fatty acids, may reduce your chance of heart disease if you have NAFLD.
Eating more low-glycemic index foods—such as most fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. These foods affect your blood glucose less than high-glycemic index foods, such as white bread, white rice, and potatoes;
Avoid foods and drinks that contain large amounts of simple sugars, especially fructose. Fructose is found in sweetened soft drinks, sports drinks, sweetened tea, and juices.
Table sugar, called sucrose, is rapidly changed to glucose and fructose during digestion and is, therefore, a major source of fructose.
If you have NAFLD, you should minimize alcohol use, which can further damage your liver.
For more information about how to prevent liver disease with diet and lifestyle changes, please check this video:
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