Research shows new cause of Alzheimer’s Disease

Credit: Unsplash+

Alzheimer’s disease primarily affects older individuals and is the most common form of dementia, leading to problems with memory, thinking, and behavior.

Although there are treatments to manage its symptoms, a cure has not been found, prompting extensive global research to understand its root causes.

Existing Theories on Alzheimer’s Causes

There are two main theories about what causes Alzheimer’s disease. The first theory focuses on the accumulation of amyloid-beta protein in the brain, which disrupts communication between nerve cells.

The second, more recent theory, suggests that the disease may be caused by problems with the body’s metabolism, specifically involving malfunctioning mitochondria, the energy-producing structures in cells.

A Groundbreaking Study from Yale-NUS College

A recent study led by Jan Gruber at Yale-NUS College provides strong support for the metabolic dysfunction theory. The researchers used a tiny worm called Caenorhabditis elegans, which shares many cellular similarities with humans.

They discovered that metabolic issues appeared before the build-up of amyloid-beta protein in the worms’ brains.

The Diabetes Connection: Metformin to the Rescue

One of the most exciting findings of the study was the effectiveness of Metformin, a drug commonly used to treat diabetes. When given to the worms, Metformin corrected their metabolic problems and restored their health and lifespan to normal levels.

This suggests that addressing metabolic defects, especially those involving mitochondria, could be a promising strategy for preventing Alzheimer’s disease.

Rethinking Aging and Disease

The study proposes that diseases like Alzheimer’s, which mainly affect older people, might not be entirely separate conditions but rather part of the aging process itself.

This means that targeting the underlying mechanisms of aging could help treat or even prevent these age-related diseases.

Implications and Future Research

This research is a significant step forward, suggesting that focusing on mitochondrial and metabolic functions could help prevent or cure Alzheimer’s disease.

However, more studies are needed to confirm these findings and to determine if Metformin or similar treatments are safe and effective for humans.

The study not only provides new insights into Alzheimer’s disease but also encourages a different way of thinking about aging and the diseases that come with it.

By understanding and addressing the root causes of aging, we may be able to develop more effective treatments for age-related diseases.

Published in the scientific journal eLife, this research represents a new direction in the quest to understand and treat Alzheimer’s disease.

While the complete solution to Alzheimer’s remains undiscovered, this study adds a crucial piece to the puzzle, offering hope for more precise and effective treatments in the future.

If you care about Alzheimer’s disease, please read studies that bad lifestyle habits can cause Alzheimer’s disease, and strawberries can be good defence against Alzheimer’s.

For more information about brain health, please see recent studies that oral cannabis extract may help reduce Alzheimer’s symptoms, and Vitamin E may help prevent Parkinson’s disease.

Copyright © 2024 Knowridge Science Report. All rights reserved.