Scientists find important cause of colon cancer in people younger than 50

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Lately, there’s been a noticeable and concerning rise in the number of young people, those under 50, getting sick with colorectal cancer, a type of cancer that affects the colon or rectum.

This trend has caught the attention of doctors and scientists worldwide, leading them to dig deeper into why this is happening.

A breakthrough has come from a new study that looks closely at the tiny organisms, specifically bacteria, living in these cancers.

This research, published in a science journal called eBioMedicine, has discovered that the bacteria in the cancers of younger patients are different from those in older patients’ cancers.

This finding is crucial as it could lead to new ways to detect or treat this cancer in young people.

The rise in young people getting sick from this cancer has been so significant that the American Cancer Society has sounded the alarm. They’ve noticed not just more cases but more deaths from this cancer in younger individuals each year.

Predictions are even more dire, suggesting that by 2030, the cases of colon and rectal cancer in young people could double and even quadruple, respectively.

Dr. Alok Khorana from the Cleveland Clinic, who led this research, has expressed serious concern over this trend. His team used cutting-edge technology to look at the genetic material of the cancer cells from young patients and compared them with those from older patients.

They found not just more bacteria in the young patients’ cancer cells but also different kinds, with names like Akkermansia and Bacteroides popping up more frequently.

Why is this important? For starters, it gives a new direction for researchers and doctors trying to figure out why more young people are getting colorectal cancer. If certain bacteria are more common in younger patients, then maybe tests can be developed to look for these bacteria as an early warning sign.

This could mean catching the cancer earlier when it’s easier to treat. Plus, it might lead to new treatments aimed at these specific bacteria.

Dr. Shimoli Barot and Dr. Naseer Sangwan, who played key roles in the study, are excited about the potential for using these bacterial differences to develop new ways to diagnose and treat colorectal cancer. However, they also stress that more work is needed.

They’re particularly interested in how things like diet, medication, and obesity might change the bacteria in our guts and possibly increase the risk of getting this cancer.

This research is a significant step in solving the puzzle of why more young people are getting colorectal cancer. It opens up new paths for early detection and treatment, potentially saving many lives.

This study also ties into broader research on how our lifestyle and diet affect our health, especially concerning cancer. Other studies have shown that things like exercise, a good diet, and enough vitamin D might lower the risk of cancer or even help fight it.

The details of this study are available in eBioMedicine for those who want to dive deeper into the scientific findings.

If you care about cancer, please read studies that low-carb diet could increase overall cancer risk, and new way to increase the longevity of cancer survivors.

For more information about cancer, please see recent studies about how to fight cancer with these anti-cancer superfoods, and results showing daily vitamin D3 supplementation may reduce cancer death risk.

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