How weight loss surgery helps you control type 2 diabetes

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Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose).

With the increasing rates of obesity worldwide, type 2 diabetes has become more common, leading to a surge in serious health complications like heart disease, kidney damage, and vision loss.

However, an unexpected ally in the fight against this condition has emerged: bariatric surgery, primarily known for weight loss.

Bariatric surgery includes various procedures that make changes to the digestive system, helping people lose a significant amount of weight by reducing the size of the stomach or rerouting the small intestines.

While these surgeries are often seen as a method for severe weight reduction, they also have profound effects on type 2 diabetes, often leading to a reduction in the need for diabetes medication or even complete remission of the disease.

Research has shown that bariatric surgery can lead to dramatic improvements in blood glucose levels in people with type 2 diabetes, often within days following the surgery.

This rapid improvement is not solely due to weight loss, which typically takes a longer period to impact glucose levels, but also due to hormonal changes resulting from the surgeries that affect insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism.

The most common types of bariatric surgery are the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and the sleeve gastrectomy. The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass involves creating a small pouch in the stomach and directly connecting it to the small intestine, bypassing a large part of the stomach and a portion of the small intestine.

This procedure not only restricts the amount of food one can eat but also significantly alters gut hormones that impact insulin and blood sugar levels.

Sleeve gastrectomy, on the other hand, involves removing approximately 80% of the stomach, which decreases the amount of food that can be consumed and also impacts the production of hormones that influence hunger and blood sugar control.

The evidence supporting the effectiveness of bariatric surgery in managing type 2 diabetes is robust. A landmark study published in the New England Journal of Medicine compared the effects of bariatric surgery with conventional medical therapy on type 2 diabetes.

Two years after surgery, about 75% of individuals who underwent bariatric surgery were able to achieve a complete remission of diabetes, compared to only about 12% of those treated with conventional medical therapy alone.

Another significant aspect of bariatric surgery is its impact on the long-term complications associated with diabetes.

Studies have shown that people with type 2 diabetes who undergo bariatric surgery have lower rates of heart disease, kidney disease, and other diabetes-related complications compared to those who do not have the surgery.

Despite these benefits, bariatric surgery is not without risks. Like any major surgery, it carries potential complications such as infections, bleeding, and long-term nutritional deficiencies.

Therefore, the decision to undergo bariatric surgery should be made carefully, considering the individual’s specific medical conditions, ability to comply with follow-up care, and personal preferences.

Furthermore, bariatric surgery is typically recommended for individuals who have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher, or those with a BMI of 35 or higher who have serious conditions like type 2 diabetes.

For those who qualify, surgery is often part of a broader approach that includes lifestyle changes and medical treatment.

In conclusion, bariatric surgery has emerged as a powerful tool in the management of type 2 diabetes, particularly among those struggling with obesity.

It offers not just significant weight loss but also extensive improvements in glucose control, often leading to a reduction in diabetes medications and sometimes complete remission of the disease.

However, it requires careful consideration and medical guidance to ensure the best outcomes for those who choose this path to manage their diabetes.

If you care about diabetes, please read studies that pomace olive oil could help lower blood cholesterol, and honey could help control blood sugar.

For more information about diabetes, please see recent studies about Vitamin D that may reduce dangerous complications in diabetes and results showing plant-based protein foods may help reverse type 2 diabetes.

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