How AI can help prevent type 2 diabetes

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In an era where the United States grapples with soaring health care costs, totaling over $730 billion annually on preventable diseases like diabetes, a new study emerges from Texas McCombs.

This study introduces an innovative tool powered by artificial intelligence (AI) that promises to revolutionize the prevention of type 2 diabetes, potentially saving lives and billions of dollars.

With nearly a third of U.S. healthcare spending devoted to diseases that could be prevented, the urgency for more efficient management of resources is palpable.

Among the 98 million adults on the cusp of diabetes, the traditional approach has been to use simple chart tools to assess risk and allocate preventive treatments like metformin, despite their high costs. However, this method often falls short in precision and effectiveness.

Enter the transformative study led by Maytal Saar-Tsechansky, a professor specializing in information, risk, and operations management.

By harnessing the power of AI and machine learning, Saar-Tsechansky and her team have crafted a model that sifts through electronic health records to pinpoint which prediabetic patients would most benefit from early intervention.

This novel AI-driven tool doesn’t just guess; it meticulously analyzes data from 89,191 prediabetic patients collected between 2003 and 2012, including body metrics, lab results, and more, to make informed predictions.

The results are striking: when tested on data from a health insurer, this model outperformed traditional methods by preventing 25% more diabetes cases and saving an additional $2.9 million per 10,000 patients. When scaled to the national level, the savings could reach $1.1 billion each year.

The implications of this study are vast, stretching beyond diabetes prevention. The same model could be adapted to combat other prevalent conditions, such as respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, potentially reshaping preventive care across the board.

By making health care allocation more data-driven and cost-effective, this approach not only enhances the efficiency of health interventions but also promises a more personalized health care experience for individuals at risk.

This pioneering work, published in the journal Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, is a testament to the potential of AI in healthcare.

It underscores a future where preventive care is not only more effective and personalized but also more economical.

As we move forward, this AI-driven model stands as a beacon of hope for the millions at risk of type 2 diabetes and other preventable diseases, heralding a new era of smarter, more targeted, and cost-effective health care solutions.

If you care about diabetes, please read studies about Vitamin D and type 2 diabetes, and to people with diabetes, some fruits are better than others.

For more information about diabetes, please see recent studies that low calorie diets may help reverse diabetes, and 5 vitamins that may prevent complication in diabetes.

The research findings can be found in Manufacturing & Service Operations Management.

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