Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death globally.
The American Heart Association (AHA) has identified seven behavioral and medical factors that contribute to ideal cardiovascular health (ICH) and reduce the risk of mortality.
However, these factors have not been widely studied in Asian populations, and the interaction between these factors is not well understood, making intervention programs in Asian countries like China difficult.
To address this, a study was conducted, which was published in the Chinese Medical Journal on January 20, 2023.
The study aimed to examine the association between ICH and death due to different causes in the Chinese population.
The researchers pooled data from three study cohorts comprising almost 200,000 individuals and examined the association between ICH and mortality.
The team found that people with an ICH score of 10-14 had an approximately 50% lower risk of all-cause, CVD, and respiratory mortality than those with an ICH score of 0-6.
The study also found that both behavioral and medical health parameters need to be targeted to prevent premature deaths in China.
Higher behavioral and medical scores were independently associated with lower rates of all-cause and CVD mortality, while only higher behavioral health scores were associated with lower rates of death due to cancer and respiratory dysfunction.
The researchers emphasize the importance of these findings, stating that they provide a much clearer roadmap for premature death prevention in the Chinese population.
They suggest that individuals should strive to maintain healthy lifestyles and cardiometabolic conditions, and policies that support this goal should be developed.
Additional studies are needed to validate the association of ICH with non-CVD mortality or mortality due to different subtypes of CVD and to explore unseen interactions between behavioral and medical parameters.
This study underscores the importance of individual lifestyle behaviors in prolonging one’s lifespan and potentially one’s quality of life.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to a group of conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels.
These conditions include coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, and stroke, among others. CVD is a major cause of death globally, accounting for nearly one-third of all deaths worldwide.
Risk factors for CVD include high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, smoking, obesity, lack of physical activity, unhealthy diet, diabetes, and family history of heart disease.
Age, gender, and ethnicity can also influence the risk of developing CVD.
Prevention and management of CVD involve addressing risk factors through lifestyle modifications and medications.
Lifestyle modifications include regular exercise, a healthy diet, smoking cessation, and weight management.
Medications include drugs to control blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood sugar, as well as antiplatelet and anticoagulant medications to prevent blood clots.
In some cases, surgery or other medical procedures may be necessary to treat CVD.
Early detection and management of CVD are crucial in reducing the risk of complications and improving outcomes.
Regular health screenings, such as blood pressure and cholesterol checks, can help identify and manage risk factors.
It is essential to work closely with a healthcare provider to develop an individualized plan for the prevention and management of CVD.
If you care about heart health, please read studies about how eating eggs can help reduce heart disease risk, and Vitamin K2 could help reduce heart disease risk.
For more health information, please see recent studies that Vitamin D deficiency can increase heart disease risk, and results showing new findings about heart inflammation and COVID vaccination.
The study was conducted by Dr. An Pan et al.
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