Weight loss surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, is a type of surgical procedure that is designed to help people who are obese or severely overweight lose weight.
This type of surgery works by reducing the size of the stomach, which in turn helps to limit the amount of food that a person can eat.
The surgery, which is used to treat obesity, has been found to be an effective treatment for people suffering from type 2 diabetes and morbid obesity.
According to new research, nearly 50% of patients who underwent gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy surgery were able to discontinue all diabetes-related treatment.
The study from Griffith University was conducted by monitoring 212 patients in Queensland who underwent bariatric surgery as part of the Queensland Health Bariatric Surgery Initiative.
The patients were monitored for 12 months after their surgery and various factors, including clinical and patient-reported outcomes, were evaluated.
The results showed that the patient’s body weight decreased by 24% and their blood glucose levels improved by 24% after 12 months of surgery.
The surgery also had other beneficial effects on comorbidities related to obesity, with 37% of patients who had high blood pressure prior to the operation no longer having this condition 12 months post-surgery.
Additionally, 62% of those with impaired kidney function before the surgery had normal kidney function after the surgery.
The patients expressed overall satisfaction with the treatment, with satisfaction levels remaining above 97.5% throughout their recovery period.
The team says the study confirmed previous work demonstrating the efficacy of publicly funded bariatric surgery in treating obesity, type 2 diabetes, and related comorbidities.
They say that the surgery had improved the patient’s quality of life and eating behaviors and that the results bode well for future weight maintenance for those with type 2 diabetes and morbid obesity, despite the short follow-up period.
The study underscores the potential benefits of bariatric surgery in the management of obesity and type 2 diabetes.
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The study was conducted by Professor Paul Scuffham et al and published in PLOS ONE.
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