In a study from Vanderbilt University, scientists found wearable fitness devices offer new insights into the relationship between physical activity and type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease, affecting 90% to 95% of people with diabetes.
In type 2 diabetes, the body is resistant to the action of insulin, meaning it cannot use insulin properly, so it cannot carry sugar into the cells.
Type 2 diabetes most often develops in people over age 45, but more and more children, teens, and young adults are being diagnosed.
In the study, the team examined the link between physical activity and type 2 diabetes with an innovative approach using data from wearable devices linked to electronic health records in a real-world population.
The researchers analyzed Fitbit data and type 2 diabetes rates from 5,677 participants included in the NIH’s All of Us Research Program between 2010-2021.
All of Us is part of an effort to advance individualized health care by enrolling one million or more participants to contribute their health data over many years. About 75% of the participants that the researchers studied were female.
The team found 97 new cases of diabetes over a follow-up of 4 years in the data set.
They showed that people who spent more time in any type of physical activity had a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
People with an average daily step count of 10,700 were 44% less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those with 6,000 steps.
The data showed the importance of moving your body every day to lower the risk of diabetes.
The researchers hope to study more diverse populations in future studies to confirm the generalizability of these findings.
For more information about diabetes, please see recent studies about 5 dangerous signs you have a diabetes-related eye disease and results showing why pomegranate is super fruit for people with diabetes.
The study was conducted by Andrew S. Perry et al and published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
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