Scientists find leading causes of hospitalization in people with type 2 diabetes

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In a study from Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, scientists found that some unexpected conditions are leading to more hospitalizations in people living with type 2 diabetes compared to the general population.

The emergence of iron deficiency anemia, mental health disorders and gastrointestinal disorders as leading reasons for excess hospitalization among those with type 2 diabetes.

The study found that people with type 2 diabetes are far more likely to be hospitalized with iron deficiency anemia than those without diabetes.

The team analyzed data from 456,265 people with type 2 diabetes registered in the National Diabetes Services Scheme between 2010 and 2017.

The findings suggest the possibility of a biological link between type 2 diabetes and iron deficiency anemia, but further research is required to confirm this.

Iron deficiency anemia can cause fatigue, dizziness, a rapid or irregular heartbeat, and can put extra stress on the heart. In most cases, though, it can be treated.

The leading cause of excess hospitalizations for men living with type 2 diabetes was cellulitis, a well-known complication of diabetes.

Other well-known complications that were responsible for large numbers of excess hospitalizations included heart failure, heart attack and angina.

However, mental health disorders, including stress disorders, depression, and schizophrenia, had levels of hospitalizations that in some cases exceeded the top-ranked traditional diabetes complications.

The team says in men, stress disorders accounted for the highest number of excess admissions of all diagnoses, with the exception of cellulitis.

This reinforces the evidence that mental health disorders are also emerging complications of diabetes.

Asthma was also associated with a high number of hospitalizations in women.

While this is a novel finding, there is evidence suggesting a link between obesity, diabetes, and asthma, which is thought to be related to high cholesterol, high insulin levels and physical inactivity.

The team says what the study has shown is that people with type 2 diabetes are at greater risk of hospitalization for most medical conditions compared to the general population, including conditions not commonly associated with diabetes.

These are important findings that demonstrate the need to revise diabetes management to account for the changing spread of complications.

If you care about diabetes, please read studies about new way to achieve type 2 diabetes remission, and one avocado a day keeps diabetes at bay.

For more information about diabetes, please see recent studies about 5 dangerous signs you have diabetes-related eye disease, and results showing why pomegranate is super fruit for people with diabetes.

The study was conducted by Professor Dianna Magliano et al and published in Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.

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