Type 2 diabetes, the most common type of diabetes, is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high.
Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes mainly from the food you eat.
Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose get into your cells to be used for energy.
In type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough insulin or doesn’t use insulin well. Too much glucose then stays in your blood, and not enough reaches your cells.
People with type 2 diabetes are twice as likely to develop liver or pancreatic cancer.
They also run a higher-than-normal risk of developing colon, bladder, and breast cancer. Diabetic women with breast cancer have a higher death risk than women with breast cancer alone.
In a study from Vanderbilt University, scientists found that the presence of the disease may increase tumor growth and stiffness.
Researchers also found that diabetes treatments could reduce tumor growth and stiffness to levels comparable to people with no diabetes.
The study sheds light on a previously unknown biomechanical mechanism in which diabetic hyperglycemia acts on the extracellular matrix—a molecular network that promotes the growth of cells—to accelerate tumor growth and stiffness in breast cancer.
The research provides new evidence for future therapies for diabetic cancer patients.
If you care about diabetes, please read studies about the third type of diabetes being wrongly diagnosed as type 2, and this eating habit could help reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.
For more information about nutrition, please see recent studies about unhealthy plant-based diets linked to metabolic syndrome, and results showing green tea and coffee could help reduce death risk in type 2 diabetes.
The study was conducted by Cynthia Reinhart-King et al and published in Science Advances.
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