In a study from the University of Lübeck in Germany, scientists found eating a big breakfast rather than a large dinner may prevent obesity and high blood sugar.
The current results show that a meal eaten for breakfast, regardless of the amount of calories it contains, creates twice as high diet-induced thermogenesis as the same meal consumed for dinner.
This finding is significant for all people as it underlines the value of eating enough at breakfast.
Our body expends energy when we digest food for the absorption, digestion, transport, and storage of nutrients.
This process, known as diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT), is a measure of how well our metabolism is working and can differ depending on mealtime.
In the study, the researchers conducted a three-day laboratory study of 16 men who consumed a low-calorie breakfast and high-calorie dinner, and vice versa in a second round.
They found identical calorie consumption led to 2.5 times higher DIT in the morning than in the evening after high-calorie and low-calorie meals.
The food-induced increase of blood sugar and insulin concentrations was diminished after breakfast compared with dinner.
The results also showed eating a low-calorie breakfast increased appetite, specifically for sweets.
The team recommends that patients with obesity as well as healthy people eat a large breakfast rather than a large dinner to reduce body weight and prevent metabolic diseases.
If you care about nutrition, please read studies about antioxidants that could help reduce the dementia risk, and how Mediterranean diet could protect your brain health.
The study was conducted by Juliane Richter et al and published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
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