In a new study from the University of Washington, researchers reviewed the effectiveness of anti-aging diets and found little to suggest they work.
In their paper the group describes their work and some of the myths they uncovered.
Anti-aging diets, individual foods and supplements have become popular in recent years, spurred on in part by the results of experiments conducted on animals.
But much less research has been done to find out if the claims by food and diet makers are true, or if the findings in animals are pertinent to humans.
In this study, the researchers dug through research papers to find out what has been studied and what has not, and what results have been found.
The researchers note that some research has suggested that calorie restricting diets can extend lifespan in test animals such as mice—likely because burning calories is tied to the metabolic clock.
But thus far, it is not clear if the same is true for humans.
To find determine the state of research so far, the researchers looked at the results of intermittent fasting and time-restricted eating studies and also the ketogenic diet.
They found no evidence that any of them led to increased lifespan in humans. But they also note that their effectiveness has not been seriously studied, as it would require monitoring subjects for a lifetime.
That led them to four major myths that have been dispelled by researchers:
that restricting calories works every single time a person tries it to extend their lifespan;
that restricting calories extends lifespan by stopping cancer;
that some nutrients are good or bad regarding lifespan;
and finally, that there are any anti-aging diets that actually work as claimed.
The researchers conclude that far too little research has been conducted to determine if the claims of anti-aging diets really do extend the human lifespan.
If you care about diets and your health, please read studies about common dietary supplements could harm your liver health and findings of common herbal and dietary supplements may hurt your liver health.
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The study is published in the journal Science. One author of the study is Mitchell B. Lee.
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