People who smoke this way may need mental health support

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Many cigarette smokers wake in the night, smoke, and then return to sleep.

Prior research has linked this behavior to smoking a higher number of cigarettes each day and to a higher likelihood of failing when trying to quit smoking.

In recent years, some researchers began to propose that waking to smoke is a symptom of nicotine dependence.

In new research from Penn State, researchers suggest that waking in the night is more likely the result of stress than nicotine addiction.

In this study, the team found that a person’s levels of stress and psychological distress were more important than nicotine dependence for understanding who would wake at night and smoke.

Previous assumptions that mid-sleep smoking was an indicator of severe nicotine addiction may not be correct.

This research demonstrates that people are waking and smoking, not waking to smoke as the research literature has often characterized the phenomenon.

In their future work, the authors want to establish exactly what factors are driving waking and smoking so that treatments can be developed to help these smokers quit.

The authors explained that, though many people think of addiction as the sole reason that people smoke, all people who smoke do so for a variety of reasons.

Prior research has shown that adolescent smokers frequently incorporate smoking as an important part of their social relationships. To help adolescents quit, interventions teach them to negotiate their social relationships without smoking.

For many of the people who are waking in the night and smoking, the ritual of smoking may help them self-soothe and/or deal with stress.

These smokers are more likely to fail when trying to quit. The authors believe that helping mid-sleep smokers address their stress or psychological distress might be necessary to help them quit.

The team says that smoking behavior is driven by more than nicotine addiction. It’s not just the drug or substance.

There are secondary reasons for smoking, and treatment for people needs to address those secondary reasons in order for most people to quit successfully.

If you care about mental health, please read studies about binge drinking could develop into this mental disorder and findings of children with autism may have higher risk of this mental disease.

For more information about mental disease, please see recent studies about replacing time spent sitting with these 2 things may improve mental health and results showing that cannabis addiction may increase risks of many mental health problems.

The study is published in Behavioral Sleep Medicine. One author of the study is Steven Branstetter.

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