Weight loss surgery may reduce the risk of heart failure, high blood pressure

In a new study, researchers found that compared with routine care, weight loss surgery was linked to a reduced risk of high blood pressure, heart failure, and early death.

The research was based on information from a primary care database in the UK.

Although clinical studies have shown that weight loss surgery may reduce the risk of developing and dying from heart disease, studies using real-world data are limited.

In the study, the team analyzed data on 5,170 patients with obesity who underwent weight-loss surgery and 9,995 patients with obesity who received only routine care.

They found patients who underwent surgery had a 30% lower risk of dying from any cause, a 59% lower risk of developing high blood pressure, and a 43% lower risk of developing heart failure, compared with patients who did not undergo surgery.

Also, patients who underwent gastric bypass surgery—a specific kind of weight loss surgery—had a lower risk of cardiovascular diseases in general compared with patients who did not have surgery.

The team says obesity is a chronic disease that is associated with many comorbidities and complications.

The results show the benefits of weight loss surgery in reducing the health burdens of obesity in real-world data.

This is important considering the lower provision and availability of weight loss surgery in the UK compared with other European countries that have a lower prevalence of obesity.

Weight loss surgery is an important treatment option in people with obesity, and improved access can help reduce the burden of this disease.

One author of the study is Abd A. Tahrani, MD from Queen Elizabeth Hospital.

The study is published in the British Journal of Surgery.

Copyright © 2019 Knowridge Science Report. All rights reserved.