In a new study, researchers found that type 2 diabetes is linked to a higher risk of 11 types of cancer in men.
They also found that type 2 diabetes is linked to 13 types of cancer in women.
The research was conducted by a group of Chinese researchers.
Previous research has shown the possible association between type 2 diabetes and cancer risk.
However, reported findings have been inconsistent.
In the current study, the team examined the link between type 2 diabetes and cancer risk in mainland China.
They used information from the Shanghai Hospital Link database from July 2013 to December 2016 and found 410,191 adults with type 2 diabetes and without cancer.
All of the people were followed until December 2017 to assess for the development of cancer.
The results showed that8,485 cases of newly diagnosed cancer were identified.
Men with type 2 diabetes had 34% higher risks of developing cancer than men in the general population.
The highest cancer risk was for prostate cancer. The team found that diabetes was linked to an 86% higher risk for this malignancy.
Diabetes was also linked to higher risks of leukemia, skin cancer, thyroid cancer, lymphoma, kidney cancer, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, and stomach cancer.
The team also found diabetes was linked to a decreased risk for esophageal cancer in men.
In women, type 2 diabetes was linked to a 62% higher risk of cancer. The highest risk was for nasopharynx cancer. Diabetes was linked to a greater than twofold higher risk for this cancer.
In addition, diabetes was linked to higher risks of liver cancer, esophageal cancer, thyroid cancer, lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, lymphoma, uterine cancer, colorectal cancer, leukemia, breast cancer, cervical cancer, and stomach cancer.
The team also found diabetes was linked to a decreased risk for gallbladder cancer in women.
The findings suggest that type 2 diabetes can be a big risk factor of various types of cancer and people with the condition need to improve their health and control cancer risk.
One author of the study is Dr. Bin Cui, of the Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine.
The study is published in the Journal of Diabetes.
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