Nowadays touchscreen devices like iPad and tablets are quite popular in children. One question is when using an iPad, can they learn problem-solving skills besides getting fun?
One study published in Computers in Human Behavior answered this question. Researchers asked children aged 4 – 6 years to learn to play the Tower of Hanoi puzzle on an iPad or using the real toy.
Tower of Hanoi puzzle has three rules: the player can only move one disk at a time; the player can only move a disk if it is the uppermost disk on the stack; and no disk may be placed on the top of a smaller disk.
Researchers tested 50 children in total and divided them into the iPad group and the toy group. After solving the puzzle, all children played it again on the real toy.
For iPad players, this means a transfer of learning from a 2-D version puzzle to a 3-D version puzzle. For toy players, however, there was no transfer.
The result showed no difference between the two groups. Clearly, children could learn problem-solving skills from a touchscreen device and apply them to the real word.
In another experiment, 18 children played the Tower of Hanoi puzzle on an iPad three times, and then played it again on the real toy.
The result showed that although it was the first time children played the toy, they gave better performance.
The findings suggest that children can learn problem-solving skills using touchscreen devices like iPad. The learning is as effective as that in the physical world.
In addition, the learning benefits of touchscreen practice do not require an initial exposure to the physical version of the problem.
Citation: Huber B, Tarasuik J, Antoniou MN, Garrett C, Bowe SJ, Kaufman J, Swinburne Babylab Team. (2016). Young children’s transfer of learning from a touchscreen device. Computers in Human Behavior, 56: 56-64. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2015.11.010
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