Time-restricted eating could manage type 2 diabetes

Credit: Unsplash+

Time-restricted eating, which involves eating fewer meals at regular intervals and fasting for 12 to 14 hours (typically overnight), may help reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and obesity while improving overall health.

A new review has highlighted several potential benefits of this eating pattern.

The research team discovered a link between the number of meals consumed daily and the incidence of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Traditionally, people are advised to eat three meals a day with intermittent snacks.

However, this pattern keeps insulin levels high throughout the day, potentially leading to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, particularly given the high-calorie and high-sugar intake common in the average American diet.

Time-restricted eating allows the body’s insulin and glucose levels to decrease, improving insulin resistance and glycemic control. This pattern can also benefit brain health and help regulate hormones responsible for appetite and energy levels.

By reducing the window of eating, people may naturally decrease their daily calorie intake by around 550 calories without the need to meticulously count calories.

Another advantage of time-restricted eating is its potential to positively alter the gut microbiome. This can help prevent inflammation and various metabolic disorders.

A healthier gut microbiome is linked to better overall health, including improved metabolism and immune function.

The study suggests that having regular meal schedules and eating a nutritious breakfast can protect against obesity and type 2 diabetes. It emphasizes the importance of choosing healthy fats and proteins, such as eggs, over sugary cereals and pastries for breakfast.

While time-restricted eating shows many health benefits, other forms of restricted eating, like multi-day fasting, were found to offer fewer advantages.

Obesity is a major health concern in the United States, with over 40% of Americans classified as clinically obese. This condition increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and certain cancers.

The researchers stress that obesity is preventable, and healthier eating patterns, such as time-restricted eating, can play a significant role in addressing this issue.

The researchers also highlight that individual needs vary based on factors like body size and activity level. Therefore, what constitutes an adequate meal for one person might not be enough for another.

However, the evidence strongly supports that consuming fewer, high-quality meals can help those at risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Late-night eating should be avoided as it can disrupt sleep by keeping the digestive system active. Good sleep is essential for overall health and helps maintain proper metabolic functions.

Time-restricted eating is a promising approach to reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes and obesity. By allowing insulin and glucose levels to drop, improving gut health, and promoting better meal quality and timing, this eating pattern can significantly enhance overall health.

Adopting such habits could be a key strategy in combating the obesity epidemic and improving public health.

For more information, you can explore studies on how berries can help prevent diabetes, obesity, and cancer, as well as new drugs for treating diabetes and metabolic syndrome.

Additionally, recent research suggests that zinc may be crucial for better diabetes treatments. These findings were published in the journal Nutrients.

If you care about diabetes, please read studies about Vitamin D and type 2 diabetes, and to people with diabetes, some fruits are better than others.

For more information about diabetes, please see recent studies that low calorie diets may help reverse diabetes, and 5 vitamins that may prevent complication in diabetes.

Copyright © 2024 Knowridge Science Report. All rights reserved.