How to treat resistant high blood pressure effectively

Credit: Unsplash+

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a common health issue that affects millions of people worldwide. It’s a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke, which are leading causes of death.

Typically, high blood pressure can be managed with medication and lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise.

However, some people have what’s called resistant high blood pressure, which means their blood pressure remains high despite using at least three different types of blood pressure medications, including a diuretic.

Resistant high blood pressure poses a significant challenge, but recent research has shed light on effective strategies to manage it, ensuring that those affected can still lead healthy lives.

The first step in treating resistant hypertension involves confirming the diagnosis.

Sometimes, what appears to be resistant high blood pressure can actually be due to other factors like medications not being taken correctly, the influence of other medicines, or white coat syndrome, where patients have higher blood pressure in a clinical setting than they do in their daily environment.

Once other factors are ruled out, lifestyle changes are strongly emphasized. These include reducing salt intake, increasing physical activity, moderating alcohol consumption, and maintaining a healthy weight.

While these recommendations are common for all types of high blood pressure, they are particularly crucial for managing resistant hypertension.

Medication strategies are also adjusted. Doctors might increase the doses of current medications or add new ones, including newer drugs that have shown promise in recent studies.

One such medication is spironolactone, a diuretic that helps the body get rid of excess salt and fluid, making it easier for the heart to pump blood. Research has found spironolactone to be particularly effective for many patients with resistant hypertension.

Another promising treatment is the use of device-based therapies, which are relatively new and include procedures like renal denervation.

This minimally invasive procedure involves using radio waves to disable nerves around the kidneys that are involved in blood pressure regulation.

Early studies are encouraging, showing that it can significantly lower blood pressure in patients who haven’t responded to traditional treatments.

In addition to these treatments, ongoing research continues to explore the genetic factors that might affect how individuals respond to blood pressure medications. Understanding these genetic influences could lead to more personalized treatment plans in the future.

Clinical trials are also looking at the potential benefits of combination therapies, where two or more drugs are used together to achieve better results.

These studies are critical because they help identify which drug combinations are most effective for different groups of people.

Patient education and regular monitoring are crucial components of managing resistant high blood pressure. Patients need to understand their condition well and be vigilant about adhering to their prescribed treatment plans.

Regular check-ups with healthcare providers help ensure that treatments are working effectively and allow for adjustments as needed.

In conclusion, while resistant high blood pressure is challenging to treat, a combination of lifestyle changes, medication adjustments, device-based therapies, and possibly future genetic insights offers hope for managing this condition effectively.

Continued research and patient commitment are key to overcoming the hurdles presented by resistant hypertension, ensuring better heart health and overall well-being for those affected.

If you care about high blood pressure, please read studies about unhealthy habits that may increase high blood pressure risk, and drinking green tea could help lower blood pressure.

For more information about high blood pressure, please see recent studies about what to eat or to avoid for high blood pressure,  and 12 foods that lower blood pressure.

Copyright © 2024 Knowridge Science Report. All rights reserved.