Common stroke symptoms in people with diabetes

Credit: Unsplash+

Stroke and diabetes are two major health concerns that often intersect, leading to serious health complications. Diabetes significantly increases the risk of stroke, and recognizing the signs early can be life-saving.

This review explains how strokes can manifest differently in diabetics, backed by research and described in simple terms for better understanding.

A stroke occurs when blood flow to a part of the brain is interrupted or reduced, preventing brain tissue from getting oxygen and nutrients. Brain cells begin to die in minutes.

For diabetics, the risk of having a stroke is 1.5 times higher compared to people who do not have diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association.

Diabetics often experience unique challenges with stroke, including atypical or subtle symptoms that might be overlooked.

Common stroke symptoms include sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body; confusion, trouble speaking, or difficulty understanding speech; trouble seeing in one or both eyes; difficulty walking, dizziness, loss of balance, or lack of coordination; and a severe headache with no known cause.

However, in diabetics, these symptoms can sometimes be less pronounced or manifest in unusual ways. For instance, a diabetic person might experience a sudden change in their vision or a mild unexplained fatigue that is actually a sign of a stroke.

Research published in Diabetes Care suggests that people with diabetes are more likely to have a “silent” stroke, which occurs without any of the classic symptoms and can only be detected through imaging tests.

One reason diabetic patients might have less typical stroke symptoms is due to the presence of neuropathy—a type of nerve damage caused by diabetes. Neuropathy may mask the pain or discomfort that non-diabetic individuals would feel during a stroke.

This makes regular monitoring and communication with healthcare providers critically important for those managing diabetes.

Studies have also shown that the recovery and outcomes from a stroke can be worse in diabetics compared to non-diabetics. Diabetics often have a slower recovery, and the potential for recurring strokes is higher.

This heightened risk underscores the importance of managing blood sugar levels, as well as other stroke risk factors like high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

Prevention strategies are crucial and include maintaining a healthy diet, regular exercise, avoiding smoking, and keeping blood pressure and cholesterol within recommended levels.

Medications to manage diabetes and prevent blood clots are also critical components of stroke prevention in diabetics.

Regular check-ups are essential, as healthcare providers can help monitor the health conditions that increase stroke risk. It’s also important for patients and their families to be educated about recognizing the signs of stroke.

Immediate medical attention if any stroke symptoms are observed, even mild or unusual ones, can make a significant difference in recovery outcomes.

In conclusion, understanding the specific risks and symptoms of stroke in diabetics is crucial for prompt and effective medical response. Diabetics should be particularly vigilant for atypical symptoms and manage their condition carefully to reduce their risk.

Knowledge and preparedness can lead to better management of both diabetes and stroke risks, significantly improving quality of life.

If you care about diabetes, please read studies about Vitamin D and type 2 diabetes, and to people with diabetes, some fruits are better than others.

For more information about diabetes, please see recent studies that low calorie diets may help reverse diabetes, and 5 vitamins that may prevent complication in diabetes.

Copyright © 2024 Knowridge Science Report. All rights reserved.