Common causes of chronic kidney disease you need to know

Credit: Unsplash+

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a long-term condition where the kidneys gradually lose their ability to function properly.

This can lead to a build-up of waste products in the body, which can be harmful. Understanding the common causes of CKD can help in preventing and managing this condition effectively.

One of the leading causes of CKD is diabetes. High blood sugar levels over a long period can damage the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys, reducing their ability to filter waste from the blood. This condition is known as diabetic nephropathy.

Research shows that controlling blood sugar levels through medication, diet, and exercise can significantly reduce the risk of developing CKD in people with diabetes. Regular monitoring of kidney function in diabetic patients is also crucial for early detection and management.

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is another major cause of CKD. High blood pressure can damage the blood vessels in the kidneys, impairing their ability to function. Over time, this can lead to CKD.

Studies have shown that maintaining blood pressure within a healthy range through medication, lifestyle changes, and regular check-ups can help prevent CKD.

A diet low in salt, regular physical activity, and avoiding smoking can all contribute to maintaining healthy blood pressure levels.

Glomerulonephritis is a group of diseases that cause inflammation of the kidney’s filtering units, known as glomeruli. This inflammation can damage the kidneys and lead to CKD. Glomerulonephritis can occur on its own or as part of another disease, such as lupus.

Research indicates that early treatment of glomerulonephritis with medications that reduce inflammation can help prevent long-term kidney damage.

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is an inherited condition that causes cysts to form in the kidneys. These cysts can grow and impair kidney function, leading to CKD. PKD is a genetic disorder, meaning it is passed down through families.

Studies are ongoing to find effective treatments for PKD, but managing symptoms and monitoring kidney function regularly can help slow the progression of the disease. Genetic counseling can also be beneficial for families affected by PKD.

Repeated kidney infections, known as pyelonephritis, can cause scarring and damage to the kidneys over time, leading to CKD. These infections are often caused by bacteria that enter the urinary tract.

Research suggests that prompt treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs) with antibiotics can prevent the infection from spreading to the kidneys. Drinking plenty of water and practicing good hygiene can also help reduce the risk of UTIs.

Prolonged obstruction of the urinary tract, such as from kidney stones or an enlarged prostate, can cause pressure and damage to the kidneys, leading to CKD. It’s important to address any issues that can cause urinary tract obstructions promptly.

Research supports the effectiveness of treatments such as medication, surgery, or lifestyle changes to prevent and manage urinary tract obstructions and protect kidney health.

Certain medications and toxins can also cause CKD. Long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), certain antibiotics, and other medications can damage the kidneys.

Additionally, exposure to toxins such as heavy metals and certain chemicals can harm kidney function. Research emphasizes the importance of using medications as prescribed and being aware of potential kidney-damaging substances.

Regular check-ups and communication with healthcare providers can help manage the risk.

Age is another risk factor for CKD. As people get older, their kidney function naturally declines. This makes older adults more susceptible to CKD.

Research highlights the importance of regular monitoring of kidney function in older adults and adopting a healthy lifestyle to support kidney health. Eating a balanced diet, staying hydrated, and avoiding excessive use of medications that can harm the kidneys are all important measures.

In summary, chronic kidney disease can be caused by diabetes, high blood pressure, glomerulonephritis, polycystic kidney disease, repeated kidney infections, urinary tract obstructions, certain medications and toxins, and aging.

By understanding these causes, individuals can take steps to prevent CKD and protect their kidney health. Managing underlying conditions, adopting a healthy lifestyle, and seeking regular medical care are all essential in reducing the risk of CKD and maintaining overall well-being.

If you care about kidney health, please read studies about pesticide linked to chronic kidney disease, and this drug may prevent kidney failure in people with diabetes.

For more information about kidney health, please see recent studies about drug duo that may treat kidney failure, and results showing these vegetables may protect against kidney damage.

Copyright © 2024 Knowridge Science Report. All rights reserved.