Why diabetes is linked to frozen shoulder

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Frozen shoulder, a painful condition restricting shoulder movement, may have a close association with diabetes, as indicated by a recent review of past studies published in BMJ Open.

Led by Brett Paul Dyer from Keele University, UK, the research team delved into existing literature to explore the potential link between diabetes—both type 1 and type 2—and the prevalence of frozen shoulder.

Analyzing eight studies, the researchers unearthed compelling evidence suggesting a heightened risk of frozen shoulder among individuals with diabetes.

Their findings, based on six studies involving 5,388 participants, revealed that those with diabetes faced odds nearly four times greater of developing frozen shoulder compared to their non-diabetic counterparts.

Furthermore, two longitudinal studies supported this association, indicating that diabetes was consistently linked to frozen shoulder.

Despite the robust findings, it’s essential to acknowledge that seven out of eight studies exhibited a high risk of bias, potentially affecting the accuracy of the results. One study demonstrated a moderate risk of bias.

For clinicians, the implications of these findings are significant. The researchers emphasize the importance of healthcare providers being vigilant about the diabetes-frozen shoulder link during routine check-ups.

Early detection of frozen shoulder enables prompt initiation of treatment, aiding in pain management and enhancing shoulder function.

In conclusion, while this study underscores the heightened risk of frozen shoulder among individuals with diabetes, further research is warranted to elucidate the underlying mechanisms and explore preventive measures.

Until then, proactive screening during medical consultations and timely diagnosis remain pivotal in managing this debilitating condition in individuals with diabetes.

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This study, published in BMJ Open, sheds light on the diabetes-frozen shoulder association, underscoring the importance of proactive healthcare measures in managing this condition effectively.

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