Common causes of high blood sugar you need to know

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High blood sugar, also known medically as hyperglycemia, is a condition that can affect anyone, but it’s especially prevalent and concerning for those with diabetes. It occurs when there’s too much sugar, or glucose, in the bloodstream.

Understanding the common causes of high blood sugar is crucial because prolonged periods of elevated glucose levels can lead to serious health complications, including nerve damage, cardiovascular disease, and kidney damage.

This review aims to simplify and explain the factors that commonly lead to high blood sugar, using straightforward language.

One primary cause of high blood sugar is insufficient insulin use or production. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps glucose enter the cells in your body, where it’s used for energy.

People with type 1 diabetes produce little to no insulin, while those with type 2 diabetes may not produce enough or may not use it effectively due to insulin resistance.

When there isn’t enough insulin to help glucose enter the cells, it accumulates in the bloodstream, leading to high blood sugar levels.

Diet plays a significant role in managing blood sugar. Consuming large quantities of sugary foods and beverages, such as soda, candies, and desserts, can cause blood sugar levels to spike dramatically.

Foods high in carbohydrates, like bread, pasta, and rice, can also lead to increased glucose levels, as carbohydrates are broken down into sugars during digestion.

For people managing diabetes, consuming balanced meals that are monitored for carbohydrate content is essential to prevent these spikes.

Physical inactivity is another factor that contributes to high blood sugar. Regular exercise helps the body use insulin more efficiently and helps to convert glucose into energy.

Without enough physical activity, the body uses insulin less effectively, which means glucose stays in the bloodstream instead of being used as energy, resulting in higher blood sugar levels.

Stress is also a known culprit in raising blood sugar levels. When you’re stressed, your body releases hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol, which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.

For people with diabetes, it’s particularly challenging to control these stress-induced glucose spikes because their bodies can’t produce or effectively use insulin to regulate the sugar.

Illness can lead to high blood sugar as well. When you are sick, your body produces stress hormones to fight the illness, but these hormones also raise blood sugar levels.

This is why people with diabetes are advised to monitor their blood sugar more frequently when they are ill.

Certain medications can also cause high blood sugar as a side effect. These include steroids, beta-blockers, and certain antipsychotics and diuretics.

It’s important for patients, especially those with diabetes, to discuss their medications with their healthcare provider to understand any potential impacts on blood sugar levels.

Lastly, poor sleep and irregular sleep patterns can affect blood sugar levels and insulin sensitivity. A lack of sleep can lead to higher levels of cortisol, which may cause blood sugar levels to rise. Consistent, quality sleep helps to regulate the hormones that affect glucose metabolism.

Understanding these common causes of high blood sugar can help individuals take proactive steps to manage their glucose levels effectively.

This includes using insulin correctly, adhering to a balanced diet, staying active, managing stress, closely monitoring one’s health during sickness, reviewing medications with healthcare providers, and maintaining regular sleep patterns.

Through diligent management and lifestyle adjustments, individuals can significantly reduce the risk of the long-term complications associated with high blood sugar.

If you care about diabetes, please read studies that MIND diet may reduce risk of vision loss disease, and Vitamin D could benefit people with diabetic neuropathic pain.

For more information about diabetes, please see recent studies that Vitamin E could help reduce blood sugar and insulin resistance in diabetes, and results showing eating eggs in a healthy diet may reduce risks of diabetes, high blood pressure.

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