A recent report in the November Health E-Stats by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics has revealed significant figures concerning the prevalence of hypertension, both in Los Angeles (LA) County and across the United States.
The data, covering the years 2015 to 2018, shows notable statistics about the incidence of stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension among adults.
Hypertension Prevalence: Comparing LA County and Nationwide
The unadjusted prevalence of hypertension (stage 1 and 2) among adults aged 18 years and older was found to be 44.2% in LA County and 47.3% in the United States.
After adjusting for age, these figures slightly altered to 43.3% for LA County and 44.5% for the entire U.S. These rates highlight a considerable proportion of the adult population dealing with elevated blood pressure levels.
The study also sheds light on gender disparities in hypertension rates. In LA County, 38.4% of women were found to have hypertension, compared to 44.2% nationwide.
In contrast, the prevalence among men was nearly identical in both LA County and the United States, standing at around 50%.
Stage 2 Hypertension: Treatment and Control
Focusing on stage 2 hypertension, LA County reported a prevalence of 30.4%, with the U.S. slightly higher at 33.0%. Of those diagnosed with stage 2 hypertension, 68.4% in LA County and 71.2% across the U.S. were receiving treatment.
However, the rate of controlled hypertension was lower in LA County (36.5%) compared to the national average (46.1%).
Implications for Public Health
These statistics underline the widespread challenge of managing hypertension, a key risk factor for various cardiovascular diseases. The comparable rates between LA County and the broader U.S. population suggest a consistent national trend in hypertension prevalence.
The differences in treatment and control rates between the two regions also highlight the need for targeted interventions and improved healthcare strategies to manage and reduce the impact of hypertension.
The report by Cheryl D. Fryar, M.S.P.H., and colleagues offers crucial insights into the current state of hypertension among the adult population, emphasizing the need for continued public health efforts in addressing this pervasive health issue.
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The research findings can be found in Health E-Stats.
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