Scientists find the secret to preventing blindness in diabetics

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Diabetic retinopathy is a serious eye issue for people with diabetes. It happens when high sugar levels in the blood harm the retina, the back part of your eye that helps you see.

Right now, the only way to slow it down is to manage your diabetes well. But that doesn’t always work, and a lot of people still end up with vision problems or even go blind.

With more and more people getting diabetes worldwide, finding a better way to stop this vision loss is critical.

The Discovery: A Protein That Plays a Big Role

Researchers at Queen’s University Belfast made a big discovery that could help save people’s eyesight. They found out that a protein called TRPV2 is messed up in people with diabetes.

This protein usually helps keep blood flow in the retina stable, which is crucial because the retina needs a lot of oxygen and nutrients to work right.

When TRPV2 doesn’t do its job, the blood flow gets unstable, which is one of the first bad things that diabetes does to the retina.

What’s more, they found that even if you don’t have diabetes, just messing up this blood flow can cause the same kind of retina damage.

This means TRPV2 is a very important piece of the puzzle when it comes to diabetic retinopathy.

What’s Next: Hope for New Treatments

The team of scientists is excited about what this means for treating people with diabetic retinopathy. Professor Tim Curtis, one of the researchers, said that knowing about the role of TRPV2 gives them a new target for treatments.

The idea would be to come up with a way to fix or replace the TRPV2 protein, helping to keep blood flow in the retina stable and prevent any further damage.

This discovery is a big step towards creating treatments that could be used early on, before people with diabetes experience any irreversible vision loss.

And that could be life-changing for millions of people around the world who live with this condition.

So, while there’s more work to be done, this breakthrough gives doctors and patients alike something to be hopeful about. For those with diabetes, the future could be a little brighter—literally.

If you care about diabetes, please read studies about a cure for type 2 diabetes, and these vegetables could protect against kidney damage in diabetes.

For more information about diabetes, please see recent studies about bone drug that could lower risk of type 2 diabetes, and results showing eating more eggs linked to higher risk of type 2 diabetes.

The research findings can be found in JCI Insight.

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