A study published in Clinical Nutrition has revealed that a ketogenic diet (KD) might offer benefits for people with relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS).
The research, led by Emma Wetmore and colleagues from the University of Virginia, evaluated patient-reported outcomes from 52 participants over three months following a six-month KD trial.
Adherence: 21% of participants continued a strict KD, and 37% followed a less restrictive form of the diet.
Body Mass and Fatigue: Those who experienced significant reductions in body mass index and fatigue during the trial were more likely to continue with the KD.
Symptomatic Improvement: About half of the participants believed the KD improved their MS symptoms, including numbness, balance issues, and headaches.
Medication: 23% were able to reduce or discontinue previously prescribed medications for symptomatic treatment.
Benefits Beyond MS
The dietary patterns of participants, regardless of the type of diet they followed post-trial, shifted towards greater protein and polyunsaturated fats and less carbohydrate and added sugar.
Sustainability and Limitations
The study provides evidence that KDs can be sustainable in the short term outside a clinical setting.
However, the authors note that the improvements in symptoms were slightly less robust three months post-trial compared to during the six-month KD trial.
Several authors disclosed ties to the pharmaceutical industry, which might present potential conflicts of interest.
Conclusion and Implications
The study suggests that a ketogenic diet could offer promising benefits for individuals with MS, not just in terms of symptom relief but also in potential medication reduction.
However, more long-term studies are needed to establish the effectiveness and safety of the KD in this patient population.
If you care about nutrition, please read studies about foods that could improve survival in Parkinson’s disease, and vitamin D supplements strongly reduce cancer death.
For more information about nutrition, please see recent studies about plant nutrient that could help reduce high blood pressure, and these antioxidants could help reduce dementia risk.
The research findings can be found in Clinical Nutrition.
Follow us on Twitter for more articles about this topic.
Copyright © 2023 Knowridge Science Report. All rights reserved.