How to prevent blood sugar surges after meals

Credit: Unsplash+

Post-meal blood sugar surges can pose health risks, particularly for individuals with diabetes or those at risk of developing the condition.

However, various strategies can help control these spikes in blood sugar. Here, we discuss some of the most effective ways to prevent blood sugar surges after meals.

Opt for Low-Glycemic Foods

The glycemic index (GI) measures the speed at which a food increases blood sugar levels. High GI foods, such as white bread, rice, and sugary drinks, can quickly spike blood sugar levels.

In contrast, low-GI foods, including whole grains, vegetables, and most fruits, lead to a slower, more controlled increase.

To minimize blood sugar spikes, prioritize low-GI foods like sweet potatoes, quinoa, lentils, and most fruits (excluding high GI fruits like watermelon and pineapple).

Combine Carbohydrates with Protein and Fat

Eating carbohydrates in isolation can rapidly increase blood sugar. However, pairing carbohydrates with protein and fat can delay the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, resulting in a more gradual rise in blood sugar.

Incorporate proteins and fats into your meals—for instance, enjoy a salad with chicken and avocado, or a whole-grain wrap with hummus and veggies.

Eat Smaller, Frequent Meals

Large meals, particularly those rich in carbohydrates, can trigger a swift rise in blood sugar. Eating smaller, frequent meals can help avoid these spikes.

Aim for balanced meals—combining carbohydrates, protein, and fat—every three to four hours throughout the day.

Regular Exercise

Regular exercise boosts insulin sensitivity, which improves the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar levels. Regular physical activity can prevent post-meal blood sugar surges by enhancing insulin sensitivity and helping the body utilize glucose effectively.

Try to engage in at least 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week, choosing activities you enjoy, such as walking, jogging, cycling, or swimming.

Stay Hydrated

Drinking water with meals can slow down the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, leading to a slower increase in blood sugar.

Additionally, water promotes a feeling of fullness, potentially preventing overeating and subsequent blood sugar spikes. Aim for at least 8-10 cups of water per day, and opt for water over sugary drinks or juice with meals.


For individuals with diabetes or those at risk, managing blood sugar levels is crucial.

Opting for low-GI foods, pairing carbohydrates with protein and fat, consuming smaller, regular meals, maintaining regular exercise, and staying hydrated are all strategies that can help control blood sugar spikes after meals.

By adopting these lifestyle modifications, you can regulate your blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of diabetes-related complications.

If you care about blood sugar, please read studies that apple cider vinegar could reduce blood sugar, cholesterol, and this diet can lower cholesterol and blood sugar.

For more information about blood sugar, please see recent studies about best food for high blood cholesterol, and results showing this daily snack may help you reduce high blood pressure.

Follow us on Twitter for more articles about this topic.

Copyright © 2023 Knowridge Science Report. All rights reserved.