Odors from other people’s sweat can help treat social anxiety

Credit: JJ Jordan / Unsplash

A group of researchers from Europe recently conducted a study that suggests human body odor could be used to help treat social anxiety disorder.

Social anxiety disorder is a mental health condition that affects many people and can cause excessive worrying in social situations.

This can make it difficult for people to participate in social interactions, such as those at work, in relationships, or during daily activities.

The study involved collecting sweat samples from volunteers who had been watching different types of movie clips that were chosen to elicit specific emotional states, such as fear or happiness.

The researchers then exposed patients with social anxiety to these sweat samples, while they were being treated for their condition.

Patients were undergoing mindfulness therapy for social anxiety, which involves focusing on the present moment and accepting thoughts and feelings without judgment.

The study found that patients who were exposed to sweat from people who had been watching funny or fearful movies responded better to mindfulness therapy than those who had not been exposed.

Interestingly, the emotional state of the person producing the sweat did not appear to make a difference in treatment outcomes.

This suggests that there may be something about human body odor in general that affects the response to treatment, regardless of the specific emotional state of the person producing it.

The researchers are currently working on a follow-up study to determine whether therapy benefits come from the unconscious perception of specific emotional signals in sweat or simply from being in the presence of other people.

They hope that identifying and isolating the molecules responsible for the observed effects will lead to new, more effective treatments for social anxiety disorder.

Such treatments could include standalone e-health interventions or additional therapies for patients who do not respond to current treatments.

Although the results of the study are promising, the researchers caution that it is a proof-of-concept study and that more research is needed to confirm the findings.

They presented their findings at the European Congress of Psychiatry in Paris in March 2023, and the scientific community has expressed significant interest in their work.

In conclusion, the study suggests that exposure to human body odor may be a potential new approach to treating social anxiety disorder.

While more research is needed to confirm the findings, this could be a step forward in the treatment of a condition that affects many people and can significantly impact their quality of life.

There are several treatment options available for social anxiety disorder, and the best approach will depend on the individual’s specific symptoms and needs. Here are some common treatments for social anxiety:

Therapy: Therapy can be an effective treatment for social anxiety disorder.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy that can help people with social anxiety disorder identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors that contribute to their anxiety.

Exposure therapy is another type of therapy that involves gradually exposing the person to social situations that cause anxiety in a safe and controlled way, allowing them to learn how to cope with their anxiety.

Medication: Antidepressant medications, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), can be effective in treating social anxiety disorder.

These medications can help reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression, which are often associated with social anxiety disorder.

Lifestyle changes: Making lifestyle changes, such as getting regular exercise, practicing relaxation techniques like meditation or yoga, and avoiding or limiting caffeine and alcohol, can also be helpful in managing social anxiety.

Support groups: Joining a support group or participating in group therapy can be a helpful way to connect with others who are experiencing similar challenges and learn coping strategies from others.

If you care about depression, please read studies about vegetarianism linked to a higher risk of depression, and Vitamin D could help reduce depression symptoms.

For more information about brain health, please see recent studies that ultra-processed foods may make you feel depressed, and flavonoid-rich foods could help prevent dementia.

The study was conducted by Ms Elisa Vigna et al.

Copyright © 2023 Knowridge Science Report. All rights reserved.