Scientists at Brigham and Women’s Hospital have been studying how certain cells in the gut can contribute to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
IBD is a condition that causes inflammation in the digestive system that affects millions of people worldwide. The two main types of IBD are Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
Both conditions cause inflammation and damage to the lining of the digestive tract, leading to a range of symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, weight loss, and fatigue.
IBD is a complex condition that can affect people differently, and its exact causes are not yet fully understood.
While there is currently no cure for IBD, there are various treatments available that can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life for people with the condition.
They found that a type of immune cell called Th17 cells play an important role in the gut, and that a substance called xanthine, which is found in coffee, tea, and chocolate, may be involved in the production of these cells.
Th17 cells are important because they can help build a protective barrier in the gut to keep out harmful bacteria and fungi.
However, they have also been linked to diseases such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and IBD.
The researchers were surprised to see that Th17 cells can still be produced in mice that don’t have any gut microbes or that have been treated with antibiotics to wipe out bacteria.
They found that a substance called xanthine, which is found in caffeinated foods, can help promote the production of Th17 cells, even in the absence of gut microbes.
While the researchers don’t know yet whether the amount of xanthine in coffee, tea, or chocolate is harmful or helpful to gut health, they believe their findings could help improve our understanding of how diseases like IBD develop and how to prevent or treat them.
In conclusion, the study helps us better understand the role of Th17 cells in the gut and uncovers a potential link between xanthine and the production of these cells.
The hope is that this knowledge will lead to better ways of protecting the gut and preventing or treating inflammatory bowel disease.
If you care about health, please read studies about antimicrobial in toothpaste linked to inflammation and cancer in the gut, and vitamin B may help reduce inflammation.
For more information about health, please see recent studies about vitamin D deficiency linked to chronic inflammation, and tart cherry could help reduce inflammation.
The study was conducted by Jinzhi Duan et al and published in Immunity.
Copyright © 2023 Knowridge Science Report. All rights reserved.