In a study from MPI CBS and the University of Leipzig, scientists have used new artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning techniques to detect rare forms of dementia on MRI images.
They found that AI can automatically recognize patterns in patient imaging data that are specific to rare forms of dementia, enabling early diagnosis.
They included Alzheimer’s disease with memory impairment as well as many other diseases that may be characterized by changes in language, personality or motor function.
In their study, the team used new artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques to automatically detect these diseases.
The researchers used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to analyze the structure of the brains of patients at the University of Leipzig Medical Center and from other clinical centers in Germany.
They were able to show that rare forms of dementia can be detected early in this way.
In addition to patients who had Alzheimer’s disease with memory impairment, they also included many other diseases that can be characterized by a change in language, personality or motor skills.
The team says that compared to previous studies, they were not only able to identify diseases very well when compared to healthy individuals, but in addition, they were able to identify the specific disease compared to other dementia diseases.
This is a decisive step on the way to tailored therapy adapted to each individual affected person and their disease.
The team says even if the course of these diseases progresses, those affected in the early stages of the disease can continue to work and manage their daily lives with support.
This is why early diagnosis and individual adaptation of therapy measures are crucial.
If you care about brain health, please read studies about how the Mediterranean diet could protect your brain health, and dietary fiber intake linked to lower risk of dementia.
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The study was conducted by Matthias Schroeter et al and published in the journal NeuroImage: Clinical.
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