A recent study from Rutgers University found younger men and older women are more likely to have high blood pressure that’s uncontrolled despite taking medications.
They found women ages 70 and older and men younger than age 50 may benefit from more frequent blood pressure monitoring.
According to AHA statistics, nearly half of adults in the U.S. have high blood pressure, or hypertension, which increases their risk for heart attack, stroke, kidney disease and other health problems.
The condition is defined as 130 and higher for systolic blood pressure (the top number) or 80 and higher for diastolic (the bottom number), based on guidelines from the AHA and American College of Cardiology.
In the study, the team used health information from the 1999 to 2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. More than 13,000 people being treated with medications for high blood pressure were included.
Overall, 34% of those in the study had uncontrolled high blood pressure.
When researchers compared men and women across 10-year age groups, they found the odds of having uncontrolled high blood pressure from ages 20 to 29 were 59% higher for men than women.
The difference peaked in their 30s, with men 70% more likely to have the problem. By their 40s, they were still 47% more likely to have uncontrolled hypertension than women.
In their 50s and 60s, however, men and women had similar odds.
But for people ages 70 and older, women were 29% more likely to have uncontrolled high blood pressure. In their 80s and up, they were 63% more likely than men to have the problem.
The team says in general, there is a need to increase awareness about uncontrolled hypertension among older women and younger men, and further studies need to be done to understand the reasons behind this phenomenon.
For more information about blood pressure, please see recent studies that unsalted tomato juice could reduce blood pressure, and results showing the most used method of measuring blood pressure is often inaccurate.
The study was conducted by Dr. Aayush Visaria et al.
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