Prostate cancer is the most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death among men in the United States.
Prostate cancer usually grows very slowly, and finding and treating it before symptoms occur may not improve men’s health or help them live longer.
Mushrooms may provide multiple health benefits, such as decreasing cancer risks, lowering sodium intake, reducing harmful blood cholesterol, protecting brain health and providing a source of vitamin D.
In a study from Tohoku University, scientists found that eating mushrooms is linked to a lower risk of developing of prostate cancer among middle-aged and elderly Japanese men.
This finding suggests that regular mushroom intake might help to prevent prostate cancer.
In the study, the team examined a total of 36,499 men, aged 40 to 79 years who participated in the Miyagi Cohort Study in 1990 and in the Ohsaki Cohort Study in 1994.
These people were followed for about 13.2 years. During follow-up, 3.3% of participants developed prostate cancer.
The team found that compared with mushroom consumption of less than once per week, consumption once or twice a week was linked to an 8% lower risk of prostate cancer, and consumption three or more times per week was associated with a 17% lower risk.
The team says the mechanism of the beneficial effects of mushrooms on prostate cancer remains uncertain and that future work needs to solve the issue.
For more information about prostate cancer, please see recent studies about new way to lower risk of prostate cancer spread, and results showing three-drug combo boosts survival in metastatic prostate cancer.
The study was conducted by Shu Zhang et al and published in the International Journal of Cancer.
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