Mouthwashes may suppress COVID-19 virus

Credit: Towfiqu barbhuiya/ Unsplash

In a study from Hokkaido University, scientists found commercial mouthwashes may help suppress the COVID-19 virus.

SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, is an airborne disease transmitted via aerosols, which are spread from the oral and nasal cavities—the mouth and the nose.

In addition to the well-known division and spread of the virus in the cells of the respiratory tract, SARS-CoV-2 is also known to infect the cells of the lining of the mouth and the salivary glands.

Commercially available mouthwashes contain a number of antibiotic and antiviral components that act against microorganisms in the mouth.

One of these, cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), has been shown to reduce the viral load of SARS-CoV-2 in the mouth, primarily by disrupting the lipid membrane surrounding the virus.

While there are other chemicals with similar effects, CPC has the advantage of being tasteless and odorless.

The researchers were interested in studying the effects of CPC in Japanese mouthwashes.

Mouthwashes in Japan typically contain a fraction of the CPC compared to previously tested mouthwashes.

In the study, the team tested the effects of CPC on cell cultures that express trans-membrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2), which is required for SARS-CoV-2 entry into the cell.

They found that, within 10 minutes of application, 30–50 µg/mL of CPC inhibited the infectivity and capability for cell entry of SARS-CoV-2.

Interestingly, commercially available mouthwashes that contain CPC performed better than CPC alone. They also showed that saliva did not alter the effects of CPC.

Most significantly, they tested four variants of SARS-CoV-2—the original, alpha, beta and gamma variants—and showed that the effects of CPC were similar across all strains.

This study suggests that low concentrations of CPC in commercial mouthwash suppress the infectivity of four variants of SARS-CoV-2.

The researchers have already begun assessing the effect of CPC-containing mouthwashes on viral loads in the saliva of COVID-19 patients.

If you care about COVID, please read studies about the cause of inflammation and clotting in severe COVID-19, and previous COVID-19 infection, but not vaccination, improves antibodies.

For more information about COVID, please see recent studies that new nasal spray booster keeps COVID-19 at bay, and results showing this hormone may prevent COVID-19 death in older women.

The study was conducted by Professor Kyoko Hida et al and published in the journal Scientific Reports.

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