Common painkiller ibuprofen may strongly influence your liver

Credit: Karolina Grabowska/ Pexels

In a study from the University of California Davis, scientists found that the popular painkiller ibuprofen may have more significant effects on the liver than previously thought.

They also found big differences between males and females.

Ibuprofen belongs to a group of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, widely used over the counter to treat pain and fever.

It’s well-established that ibuprofen can cause heart problems and increase stroke risk, but the effects on the liver were less well understood.

In the study, the team dosed mice with a moderate amount of ibuprofen for a week—equivalent to an adult human taking about 400 mg of the drug daily.

Then they used advanced mass spectrometry to capture information on all the metabolic pathways in liver cells.

They found that ibuprofen caused many more protein expression changes in the liver than they expected

At least 34 different metabolic pathways were altered in male mice treated with ibuprofen.

They included pathways involved in the metabolism of amino acids, hormones, and vitamins as well as the production of reactive oxygen and hydrogen peroxide inside cells. Hydrogen peroxide damages proteins and stresses liver cells.

The researchers also found that ibuprofen had different, and in some cases opposite, effects in the livers of males and females.

For example, the proteasome—a waste-disposal system that removes unwanted proteins—responded differently in males and females.

The team says that other drugs taken with ibuprofen could stay in the body for a longer duration in males and this has never been shown before.

Many commonly used drugs such as ibuprofen are being overused and should not be used for certain conditions such as mild pain.

In the long term, it is important for the scientific community to start addressing differences between males and females with respect to drug metabolism and effects.

If you care about pain, please read studies that drinking electrolytes may help reduce muscle pain, and common fever and pain meds may raise your COVID-19 risk.

For more information about health, please see recent studies about common causes of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and results showing scientists find a major cause of weakness in older people.

The study was published in Scientific Reports and conducted by Professor Aldrin Gomes et al.

Copyright © 2022 Knowridge Science Report. All rights reserved.