Scientists from the University of Eastern Finland found that camelina sativa oil reduces the formation of fatty acid derivatives that may be harmful to heart health.
n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are associated with inflammation.
Specifically, n-3 PUFAs play important anti-inflammatory roles, whereas n-6 PUFAs, particularly arachidonic acid (AA), have pro-inflammatory effects.
n-3 PUFAs are known to have a variety of health benefits against heart disease. Also, many studies found promising antihypertensive, anticancer, antioxidant, antidepression, antiaging, and antiarthritis benefits.
Foods high in Omega-3 include fatty fish, vegetable oils, nuts (especially walnuts), flax seeds, flaxseed oil, and leafy vegetables.
In the current study, researchers aimed to examine the effect of intake of plant- and animal-derived n-3 PUFAs and fish protein on metabolism and inflammation.
They tested 79 people with blood sugar problems.
These people finished dietary intervention after being assigned to the fatty, lean fish, camelina sativa oil, or control group for 12 weeks.
Camelina oil or False flax oil is a pressed seed oil, derived from the Camelina sativa or false flax, also called the gold of pleasure. The oil is found to be good for the skin, hair, heart health, brain health, and more.
The researchers found that the fatty fish diet increased EPA and DHA levels in the body.
The camelina sativa oil diet reduced the circulatory proportions of arachidonic acid, which is a long-chain omega-6 fatty acid.
Those using camelina sativa oil also had lower concentrations of mediators derived from arachidonic acid, which may be harmful to cardiovascular health.
Moreover, the intake of fatty fish increased the circulatory concentration of fatty acid derivatives that alleviate inflammation.
There was no big effect in the lean fish group.
Based on the findings, the team concluded that camelina sativa oil and fatty fish had a major effect on lipid metabolism.
The dietary intake of both plant and animal-based omega-3 fatty acids may help fight inflammation.
The research is published in Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids and was conducted by Topi Meuronen et al.
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