Scientists from the University of Washington and elsewhere are proposing an 80-80-80 target as a national hypertension policy after analyzing and modeling the results of population blood pressure controls.
The research was published in Nature Medicine and was conducted by Sarah J. Pickersgill et al.
Hypertension, also known as chronic high blood pressure, is a leading cause of heart disease, which kills many people around the world every day.
In this new paper, the researchers noted that medical science has developed many therapies for successfully controlling hypertension, but despite such efforts, many cases go untreated.
Their analysis of medical records from countries around the world showed that only one in five people with hypertension control their blood pressure with medicines.
They suggest the reasons include lack of established medical facilities, lack of understanding of the problem in patients, and lack of public will to address the problem, particularly in underdeveloped countries.
The researchers created a model based on what they describe as an 80-80-80 target—whereby 80% of people in a given area are tested for hypertension, 80% of those with hypertension are prescribed treatment, and 80% achieve blood pressure level targets.
The model was designed to show how many deaths could be prevented if this goal were achieved globally, and it showed the numbers could be as high as 76 to 130 million people saved.
They note also that while their model did not show it, reductions in the numbers of people with cardiovascular disease would also reduce the pain and suffering that go along with the condition.
They suggest that all countries could set the 80-80-80 target as a national goal and many could achieve it.
They further suggest that doing so would constitute one of the single most important global public health accomplishments of the coming decades.
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