Eyes can show signs of autism, ADHD

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Scientists from Flinders University and elsewhere found that the eyes may be able to signal neurodevelopmental disorders such as for both attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

They found that recordings from the retina could identify distinct signals providing a potential biomarker for each condition.

The research is published in Frontiers in Neuroscience and was conducted by Dr. Paul Constable et al.

ASD and ADHD are the most common neurodevelopmental disorders diagnosed in childhood.

But as they often share similar traits, making diagnoses for both conditions can be lengthy and complicated.

In the study, the team used the electroretinogram (ERG)—a diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity of the retina in response to a light stimulus.

They found that children with ADHD showed higher overall ERG energy, whereas children with ASD showed less ERG energy.

The team says the preliminary findings indicate promising results for improved diagnoses and treatments in the future.

Retinal signals have specific nerves that generate them, so if researchers can identify these differences and localize them to specific pathways that use different chemical signals that are also used in the brain, then they can show distinct differences for children with ADHD and ASD and potentially other neurodevelopmental conditions.

This study delivers preliminary evidence for neurophysiological changes that not only differentiate both ADHD and ASD from typically developing children, but also evidence that they can be distinguished from each other based on ERG characteristics.

According to the World Health Organization, one in 100 children has ASD, with 5 to 8 percent of children diagnosed with ADHD.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by being overly active, struggling to pay attention, and difficulty controlling impulsive behaviors.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is also a neurodevelopmental condition where children behave, communicate, interact, and learn in ways that are different from most other people.

If you care about ADHD, please read studies about what causes ADHD and can it be cured, and this drug can reduce fatigue, brain sluggishness in people with ADHD.

For more information about health, please see recent studies about how to eat your way to a healthy brain, and results showing how to prevent brain aging effectively.

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