Standing is linked to better insulin function, study finds

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Scientists from Turku PET Centre and UKK institute found that standing is associated with better insulin sensitivity.

Increasing the daily standing time may therefore help prevent chronic diseases.

The research is published in the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport and was conducted by Taru Garthwaite et al.

Insulin is a key hormone in energy metabolism and blood sugar regulation.

Normal insulin function in the body may be disturbed by e.g. overweight, leading to decreased insulin sensitivity and increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and heart diseases.

Type 2 diabetes is one the most common lifestyle diseases worldwide, and its onset is usually preceded by impaired insulin sensitivity, i.e. insulin resistance.

This refers to a state in which the body does not react to insulin normally, and the blood glucose levels rise.

Lifestyle has a strong impact on insulin resistance and the development of type 2 diabetes, and regular physical activity is known to have an important role in the prevention of these issues.

In the study, the team examined the associations between insulin resistance and sedentary behavior, physical activity and fitness in inactive working-age adults with a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes and heart diseases.

They found that standing is linked to better insulin sensitivity independently of the amount of daily physical activity or sitting time, fitness level, or overweight.

These findings further encourage replacing a part of daily sitting time with standing, especially if physical activity recommendations are not met.

The study also emphasizes the importance of healthy body composition on metabolic health.

The results show that increased body fat percentage was a more important factor in terms of insulin sensitivity than physical activity, fitness, or the amount of time spent sitting.

Standing, on the other hand, was linked to insulin sensitivity independently, irrespective of body composition.

Causal effects cannot yet be predicted based on this study, but the results suggest that increasing daily standing time may help in the prevention of lifestyle diseases if physical activity recommendations are not met.

If you care about diabetes, please read studies about worst vegetables for people with diabetes, and 5 dangerous signs you have diabetes-related eye disease.

For more information about diabetes, please see recent studies about new way to detect diabetes-related blindness early, and results showing this eating habit may reduce diabetes-related high blood pressure.

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