Scientists from the University of Parma found that women with Long COVID-19 syndrome were more symptomatic than men.
Women were much more likely to experience difficulty swallowing, fatigue, chest pain, and palpitations at long-term follow-up
The research is published in the Journal of Women’s Health and was conducted by Giovanna Pelà et al.
Long-COVID-syndrome is defined as persistent symptoms extending beyond 12 weeks after the initial symptoms of acute infection.
In this study, the team found that 91% of patients evaluated at follow-up continued to experience COVID-19 symptoms.
Breathlessness was the most common symptom of long COVID-19, followed by fatigue. Women were more symptomatic than men (97% vs. 84%).
The team says long-term studies are needed to fully understand the sex-related pathophysiology of the symptoms and the effects of treatment-related to Long COVID-19.
These studies will be crucial to understanding the natural trajectory of Long COVID-19 in order to implement targeted treatment strategies and to prevent bias in treating males and females.
While women have a lower mortality rate than men during the acute phase of COVID, this study indicates that women have a greater likelihood of experiencing Long COVID syndrome.
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