In a new study from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, researchers found only 12.3% and 10% of U.S. adults met the fruit and vegetable intake recommendations, respectively.
The team used the 2019 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance system data to estimate the percentage of adults who met fruit and vegetable intake recommendations overall and by sociodemographic characteristics for 49 states and the District of Columbia.
The researchers found that 12.3% and 10% of adults met fruit and vegetable recommendations, respectively, ranging from 8.4% to 16.1% in West Virginia and Connecticut and from 5.6% to 16.0% in Kentucky and Vermont, respectively.
Hispanic adults had the highest prevalence of meeting fruit intake recommendations (16.4%), while men had the lowest prevalence (10.1%).
Adults aged 51 years and older had the highest prevalence of meeting vegetable intake recommendations (12.5%), while those living below or close to the poverty level had the lowest prevalence (6.8%).
States can use the findings to guide their programs, communications and social marketing, and policies to support improving fruit and vegetable access and intake.
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The study is published in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. One author of the study is Seung Hee Lee, Ph.D.
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