According to the WHO, air pollution is the greatest health risk worldwide, accounting for more than 4.2 million deaths annually.
In a new study from the Biomedical Research Institute of Málaga, researchers found chronic exposure to particulate matter contributes to the risk of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, and in particular, has been associated with high blood pressure.
In the study, the team tested 1103 people aged between 18 and 83. None of the participants presented high blood pressure at the start of the study (2008-2010), and they were monitored until 2016-17.
During the study phases, the participants underwent a medical examination at a health center and blood samples were taken.
They found the association between long-term exposure to these particles and the incidence of high blood pressure.
The findings also support the idea that the particulate component of air pollution is the greatest threat to the cardiovascular system.
The study supports the need to improve air quality to the extent possible in order to reduce the risk of cardiometabolic diseases among the population.
The results support the need to improve air quality to the extent possible in order to reduce the risk of high blood pressure, as even moderate levels can increase the risk significantly.
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The study is published in Scientific Reports. One author of the study is Gemma Rojo.
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