This stuff in your gut may help prevent heart disease

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In a new study, researchers found have found that a type of common gut bacteria sometimes linked to inflammation, abscesses, bowel disease, and cancer has a major silver lining: It seems to help prevent heart disease.

The findings suggest the possibility of probiotic treatments for atherosclerosis, the dangerous buildup of fats, cholesterol, and other substances in arteries that cause strokes and heart attacks and is linked to smoking, diet, age, and a range of genetic causes.

The research was conducted by a team at Oregon State University.

Diets heavy in animal-based foods have long been considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease as such diets are a major source of TMA—trimethylamine—which is converted by the liver to another compound, TMAO, that promotes the buildup of fatty plaque in arteries.

TMAO is short for trimethylamine-N-oxide.

The connection between TMAO and cardiovascular disease has tended to focus the conversation on how animal-based diets cause negative health consequences.

But in the new study, the team uncovered evidence that one type of bacteria linked to meat consumption can take the TMA, as well as precursors to TMA, and metabolize them without producing any TMAO.

That means those bacteria are in effect severing a key link in the cardiovascular disease chain.

The bacteria are of the Bilophila genus and evidence suggests an expanded genetic code enables their metabolism, via a demethylation pathway, to avoid making TMAO.

Furthermore, research shows animal-based diets cause a rapid increase in Bilophila in the gut.

Identified only 31 years ago, in an infected appendix, Bilophila is a gram-negative anaerobic rod that’s classified as a pathobiont—an organism that normally has a symbiotic relationship with its host but can become disease-causing under certain circumstances.

It’s commonly present in the microbiomes of people who are healthy.

The data showed significantly more Bilophila in the microbiomes of healthy people compared to those with cardiovascular disease, and that Bilophila numbers go up in response to a diet based on meat compared to a plant-based diet.

These findings suggest Bilophila’s role in the microbiome and human health might depend on the specific context and that their potential as a probiotic that mitigates animal products’ role in heart disease should be studied further.

One author of the study is Veronika Kivenson.

The study is published in mSystems.

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