10 common age-related health problems everyone should know

As we get older, our mental and physical health change a lot.

Since aging can bring unique health issues, we need to take good care of ourselves.

Recent research suggests that there are 10 common age-related health problems people need to pay attention to.

Chronic health conditions

Older people may be at higher risks of many chronic health conditions, including heart disease, stroke, cancer, and diabetes.

According to the National Council on Aging, about 92% of old adults have at least one chronic disease and 77% have at least two.

It is important for older people to meet with a physician for an annual checkup.

During daily life, people should eat a healthy diet, sleep well at night and do exercise regularly.


Fall is the leading cause of injury among older people. Every 15 seconds, an older adult is admitted to the emergency room for a fall.

Fall happens frequently in older people because aging makes bones shrink and muscle lose strength and flexibility.

Older people are more easily to lose their balance, bruise and fracture a bone.

Researchers suggest that fall can be prevented through education, increased physical activity and practical modifications within the home.


Research shows that more than 15% of adults aged 60 or older suffer from a mental disorder.

A common mental disease in older people is depression. But this mental disorder is often under-diagnosed and under-treated.

Depression can be a side effect of chronic health conditions, so it is important to manage these health conditions if you have any.

You should also have a lifestyle of healthy living and get social support from family, friends or support groups.

Cognitive decline

Cognitive function is a person’s ability to think, learn and remember.

Cognitive decline often happens in older people and can be an early sign of dementia, in which people lose their cognitive functions.

The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. In the U.S., about five million people over the age of 65 suffering from the disease.

While there is no cure for dementia, doctors can use a treatment plan and medications to manage the disease.

Vision and hearing loss

Vision and hearing loss are very common for older Americans over the age of 70.

But both problems can be solved by aids such as glasses or hearing aids.

Gum and tooth disease

Oral health is one of the most important health issues in older people. About one in four adults over the age of 65 no longer have their natural teeth.

Problems such as cavities and tooth decay can lead to difficulty maintaining a healthy diet, low self-esteem, and other health conditions.

Gum disease may also increase the risks of cancer and heart disease.

It is important to take regular dental examinations.

Constipation and bladder control

Incontinence and constipation are both common in older people and may influence the quality of life.


Malnutrition in older adults over the age of 65 is often under-diagnosed, and it can lead to a weakened immune system and muscle weakness.

The causes of malnutrition include other health problems, depression, alcoholism, dietary restrictions, reduced social contact, and limited income.

Researchers suggest that people should do small changes in their diet to improve nutrition. For example, the can eat more fruits and vegetables and eat less saturated fat and salt.

Drug abuse

Substance abuse, such as opioid abuse, is often overlooked and missed in medical check-ups.

Research shows that the problem is more prevalent among seniors than realized.

Many older adults are prescribed multiple prescriptions to be used long-term. Some patents take another patient’s medication due to their inability to pay for their own.


In 2013, there are 21% of AIDS cases happening in older people over the age of 50 in the United States.

Research has shown that seniors are less likely to use condoms. And because they have a weakened immune system, they are more susceptible to contracting HIV.

Researchers suggest that although aging is inevitable, older people can protect their health via a healthy diet, regular exercise, and good night’s sleep.

They should also maintain a healthy weight, control their blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

If they have any concerns about their health, they should discuss with their physicians.

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