In a new study, researchers from Australian National University have created a new 3D map of the magnetic field in a small wedge of the Milky Way galaxy.
The new map could help solve many long-standing cosmic mysteries.
Previous studies have shown that the galaxy’s magnetic field and cosmic dust act like a veil that obscures the radiation from the early stages of our Universe.
The radiation is known as cosmic microwave background.
This prevents scientists from testing cosmological models for the Universe’s evolution.
In the current study, the team found that the galaxy’s strength was much higher than previously thought.
The findings suggest that scientists now can map the strength of the magnetic field for all regions of our Galaxy.
The researchers believe their new map could pave the way for future discoveries.
It can improve the understanding of the formation of stars and planets and the early stages of our Universe.
The finding is also an important step in understanding how ultra-high-energy cosmic rays travel through the galaxy.
This can increase the chance of finding new sources of extremely energetic particles.
This is the first study that topographically measures the strength of our galaxy’s magnetic field.
The team’s next work is to create the first full 3D map of the galaxy’s magnetic field and study other astrophysical processes.
The lead author of the study is Dr. Aris Tritsis from the ANU Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics.
The study is published in The Astrophysical Journal.
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