A new University of Guelph study has shown that people in open relationships are as happy as their coupled-up counterparts.
In consensual, non-monogamous relationships, all partners agree to engage in multiple sexual or romantic relationships.
The study is published in the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships.
Currently, about 3-7% of people in North America are currently in a consensual, non-monogamous relationship.
The researchers surveyed more than 140 people in non-monogamous relationships and more than 200 in monogamous ones and compared them to each other.
Participants were asked about their satisfaction with their current relationships. For non-monogamous situations, the questions pertained to the respondent’s main partner.
Among the questions, the researchers asked how often respondents considered separating, whether they confided in their partner and what was their general level of happiness.
The team found people in non-monogamous relationships were just as satisfied with the relationship they had with their main partner as those in monogamous ones.
The people in consensual, non-monogamous relationships experience the same levels of relationship satisfaction, psychological well-being and sexual satisfaction as those in monogamous relationships.
The team also found that one important predictor of relationship satisfaction is not relationship structure but rather sexual motivation.
Ultimately if you are fulfilling your psychological needs and are satisfied sexually, you are more likely to be happy in your partnership no matter the relationship structure.
The finding debunks societal views of monogamy as being the ideal relationship structure, but consensually non-monogamous relationships still attract stigma.
The researchers suggest that people are at a point in social history where we are expecting a lot from our partners.
They want to have sexual fulfillment and excitement but also emotional and financial support. Trying to fulfill all these needs can put pressure on relationships.
To deal with this pressure, they are seeing some people look to consensually non-monogamous relationships.
In both monogamous and non-monogamous relationships, people who engage in sex to be close to a partner and to fulfill their sexual needs have a more satisfying relationship than those who have sex for less intrinsic reasons, such as to avoid conflict.
This research shows us that our choice of relationship structure is not an indicator of how happy or satisfied we are in our primary relationships.
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