Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes.
In this disease, the blood sugar level is too high. Blood sugar is the main source of body energy and comes from daily diet.
Blood sugar enters cells for energy use via insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas.
People with type 2 diabetes cannot produce enough insulin or cannot use insulin well. This results in too much glucose in the blood and cannot be used as energy.
Type 2 diabetes can happen at any age but is most common in middle-aged and older people.
Scientists recommend people who have the disease take good care of their diabetes ABC: A1C (blood glucose), blood pressure, and cholesterol.
To successfully manage type 2 diabetes, you need four steps:
Learn about diabetes
Try your best to get to know the disease, including the causes, risk factors, treatment and necessary lifestyle changes.
If you need to change your lifestyles, do it from now. Try to have healthy dieting, exercise regularly, keep a healthy body weight, and take recommended medications.
Talk to your doctor
You need to let your doctor know the progression of your diabetes, good or bad. You also need to tell him/her your diabetes ABC.
Learn how to live with diabetes
You need a detailed plan to live with diabetes. It is much easier said than done, and taking action requires patience and persistence.
If you have troubles sticking with your goal, talk to your doctor.
Get routine care to stay healthy
See your doctor at least twice a year to find and treat any problems early. Once each year, be sure to get a dilated eye exam and a complete foot exam.
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