Junk food causes similar high blood sugar levels as type 2 diabetes

Credit: Pixabay.

Did you know that a junk food diet can harm your kidneys as much as diabetes?

A recent study published in Experimental Physiology has revealed an alarming link between unhealthy eating habits and kidney damage, comparable to the effects of type 2 diabetes.

This finding sheds light on the importance of understanding how our food choices impact our organs and overall health.

Type 2 diabetes, often linked to obesity, is a condition where the body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or doesn’t respond to it properly.

This leads to an increase in sugar (glucose) levels in the blood, which can have severe long-term consequences for various organs, including the kidneys.

Diabetic kidney disease is a condition that arises when high blood sugar levels damage the kidneys over time.

To investigate how diet affects kidney health, researchers conducted experiments using animal models of diabetes and obesity.

They examined how insulin resistance (a key factor in type 2 diabetes) and excessive consumption of sugar or fat influenced glucose transporters in the kidneys. Glucose transporters are proteins responsible for moving glucose in and out of cells.

In the study, rats were given junk food, including cheese, chocolate bars, biscuits, and marshmallows, for 8 weeks.

Alternatively, they were fed a high-fat rodent chow for 5 weeks. The researchers then measured blood sugar levels and observed changes in the glucose transporters within the kidneys.

They compared these changes with those seen in rat models of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

The results revealed that specific types of glucose transporters (GLUT and SGLT) and their regulating proteins were present in higher numbers in rats with type 2 diabetes. Remarkably, the rats fed a high-fat diet or junk food exhibited similar increases in these receptors.

In other words, an unhealthy diet had a comparable impact on the kidneys as type 2 diabetes.

Dr. Havovi Chichger, the lead author of the study, highlighted the importance of these findings. She explained that the Western diet, which is rich in processed junk food and unhealthy fats, has contributed to the rise of obesity and type 2 diabetes.

By understanding how diet affects sugar handling in the kidneys, researchers hope to develop treatments that block glucose transporters in the kidney. This approach could help lower blood sugar levels and protect the kidneys from further damage.

In conclusion, the study underscores the detrimental effects of a junk food diet on kidney health, which resemble the impact of type 2 diabetes.

It emphasizes the need to make mindful choices about what we eat to safeguard our organs.

By gaining a better understanding of how our diet influences our kidneys, researchers strive to develop new treatments that can alleviate the damage caused by diabetes and unhealthy eating habits.

Citation: Chichger, H., et al. (2016). “Experimental type II diabetes and related models of impaired glucose metabolism differentially regulate glucose transporters at the proximal tubule brush border membrane.” Experimental Physiology, DOI: 10.1113/EP085670.