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Why deep dark oceans gave life to the first big, complex organisms

Why did the first big, complex organisms spring to life in deep, dark oceans where food was scarce? A new study finds great depths...

Biggest mass extinction caused by global warming leaving ocean animals gasping for breath

The largest extinction in Earth's history marked the end of the Permian period, some 252 million years ago. Long before dinosaurs, our planet was populated...

The world’s plastic problem is bigger than the ocean

As you read this, a strange object that looks like a 2,000-foot floating pool noodle is drifting slowly through the central north Pacific Ocean. This...
Tracing the evolutionary origins of fish to shallow ocean waters

Tracing the evolutionary origins of fish to shallow ocean waters

Ancient fish species diversified in near-shore ocean areas, not coral reefs The first vertebrates on Earth were fish, and scientists believe they first appeared around...

Californian whales may save their Russian cousins

Hope for an alarmingly low number of gray whales in the western Pacific Ocean might rest with their cousins to the east, according to...
High-res data offer most detailed look yet at trawl fishing footprint around the world

High-res data offer most detailed look yet at trawl fishing footprint around the world

About a quarter of the world’s seafood caught in the ocean comes from bottom trawling, a method that involves dragging a net along the...

Land-locked Atlantic salmon use GPS-like magnetic field to navigate

A new study shows that Atlantic salmon use the Earth’s magnetic field as a navigational tool – much like their cousins, Pacific salmon –...
130-year-old brain coral reveals encouraging news for open ocean

130-year-old brain coral reveals encouraging news for open ocean

When nitrogen-based fertilizers flow into water bodies, the result can be deadly for marine life near shore, but what is the effect of nitrogen...

Scientists have been drilling into the ocean floor for 50 years: here’s what they’ve...

It’s stunning but true that we know more about the surface of the moon than about the Earth’s ocean floor. Much of what we do...

How phytoplankton survive in ocean gyres with low nutrient supplies

Subtropical gyres are huge, sustained currents spanning thousands of kilometers across the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, where very little grows. With nutrients in short supply,...