Oral steroids use linked to high blood pressure, study finds

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A recent study conducted at the University of Leeds has revealed a connection between the use of oral steroids and high blood pressure in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases.

The study, which involved a large number of patients from various general practices in England, highlights the importance of monitoring blood pressure in individuals taking oral steroids.

The Study Findings

The study included over 71,000 patients diagnosed with chronic inflammatory diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis.

Among these patients, 24,896 new cases of high blood pressure were identified.

The researchers observed a dose-response pattern, indicating that the rates of high blood pressure increased with higher cumulative doses of oral steroids.

This means that patients who took higher amounts of oral steroids had a greater risk of developing high blood pressure.

Understanding High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a prevalent condition affecting a significant number of adults worldwide. It can lead to severe health consequences if left uncontrolled.

The Importance of Monitoring Blood Pressure

While previous studies have reported a possible link between oral steroids and high blood pressure, the evidence has been inconclusive.

This study provides further evidence of the relationship and emphasizes the need for healthcare providers to closely monitor the blood pressure of patients who regularly take oral steroids.

Prevention of High Blood Pressure

Taking steps to prevent high blood pressure is crucial. Here are some lifestyle changes that can help:

Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese puts extra strain on the heart and blood vessels, increasing the risk of high blood pressure. A balanced diet and regular exercise can aid in maintaining a healthy weight.

Exercise regularly: Engaging in physical activity strengthens the heart and blood vessels, improves circulation, and reduces the risk of high blood pressure. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.

Eat a healthy diet: A well-balanced diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products can lower the risk of high blood pressure. It is also important to limit the intake of saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, and salt.

Limit alcohol intake: Excessive alcohol consumption can elevate blood pressure levels. It is recommended to limit alcohol intake to no more than two drinks per day for men and one drink per day for women.

Quit smoking: Smoking damages blood vessels and increases the risk of high blood pressure. Quitting smoking can significantly reduce this risk.

Manage stress: Chronic stress can contribute to high blood pressure. Adopting healthy stress management techniques such as relaxation exercises, seeking support from loved ones, or engaging in enjoyable activities can be beneficial.

Regular check-ups: Regular blood pressure checks are essential for early detection and prompt treatment of high blood pressure. Regular medical check-ups can also help identify any underlying conditions contributing to high blood pressure.

The recent study from the University of Leeds underscores the link between oral steroids and high blood pressure in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases.

Healthcare providers should be vigilant in monitoring the blood pressure of individuals taking oral steroids.

Additionally, adopting a healthy lifestyle, including maintaining a healthy weight, regular exercise, a balanced diet, limited alcohol intake, stress management, and regular check-ups, can help prevent high blood pressure.

It is important to consult a healthcare provider for personalized guidance on high blood pressure prevention and management.

If you care about high blood pressure, please read studies about a common and unrecognized cause of high blood pressure, and this small habit can greatly benefit people with high blood pressure.

For more information about high blood pressure, please see recent studies about more efficient way to treat high blood pressure, and beetroot could protect against high blood pressure.

The study was published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal and conducted by Dr. Mar Pujades-Rodriguez et al.

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