In a new study from the University of Groningen, researchers found dietary patterns are associated with the risk for developing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
They found an increased risk for Crohn’s disease (CD) seen in association with a Western dietary pattern and an increased risk for ulcerative colitis (UC) observed with a carnivorous pattern (eating meat).
In the study, the team analyzed 125,445 participants, of whom 224 and 97 developed de novo ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, respectively, during a maximum follow-up of 14 years.
The researchers found five dietary patterns. A higher likelihood of Crohn’s disease development was seen in association with a pattern characterized by high intake of snacks, prepared meals, non-alcoholic beverages, and sauces and with low consumption of vegetables and fruit.
An increased likelihood of ulcerative colitis development was seen in association with a pattern composed of red meat, poultry, and processed meat.
The team says this study adds to the importance of evaluating dietary patterns to aid the prevention of IBD already at the general population level, and to focus research on wholefood-based strategies and formulated diets for IBD patients.
If you care about bowel health, please read studies about why some people more likely to have bowel diseases, and common food that could increase risk of dangerous bowel diseases.
The study is published in the Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis, and was conducted by Vera Peters, et al.
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