Adhering to an anti-inflammatory diet was linked lower risks of dying from any cause, dying from cardiovascular causes, and dying from cancer, according to new study.
The finding is published in the Journal of Internal Medicine.
The study involved 68,273 Swedish men and women aged 45 to 83 years who were followed for 16 years.
The researchers found participants who most closely followed an anti-inflammatory diet had an 18% lower risk of all-cause mortality, a 20% lower risk of cardiovascular mortality, and a 13% lower risk of cancer mortality.
In addition, smokers who followed the diet experienced even greater benefits when compared with smokers who did not follow the diet.
Anti-inflammatory foods consist of fruits and vegetables, tea, coffee, whole grain bread, breakfast cereal, low-fat cheese, olive oil and canola oil, nuts, chocolate, and moderate amounts of red wine and beer.
Pro-inflammatory foods include unprocessed and processed red meat, organ meats, chips, and soft-drink beverages.
“Our dose-response analysis showed that even partial adherence to the anti-inflammatory diet may provide a health benefit,” said lead author Dr. Joanna Kaluza, an associate professor at the Warsaw University of Life Sciences, in Poland.